Another Brazilian species today with this small growing Cattleya species found as an epiphyte in patches of forest in central Minas Gerais state from 1300-1600m. This is the first flowering of the seedling shown and so a new addition to 365 days.
The flowers of Cattleya jongheana are remarkably large for the size of the plant (12cm top to bottom on this flower) – a character it shares with other related species such as Cattleya pumila although the lip on Cattleya jongheana is very different.
We grow Cattleya jongheana in a basket high in Cool Americas where it can have lots of water – especially in the summer as well as good light.
This species is new to 365 days and is one of the smaller flowered of our 20+ stelis species.
Stelis aprica is native to the coastal cloud forests of Brazil that we have explored on our expeditions to the Mat Atlantica. It grows in wet forest but has relatively stiff leaves compared to many stelis to cope with the more seasonal climate experiences in the Barazilian cloud forests than many of those in from Peru up the Andes to Costa Rica in Central America.
The flowers are small but produced in abundance from old and new leaves giving a lovely display.
The greenhouse is very fragrant this week and one of the causes is this orchid species is found on several islands in the Philippines. Dendrochilum glumaceum is restricted to mossy mountain forest and exposed summits where it is exposed to heavy rain and frequent mists and this determines our culture of the species.
We grow the species in our Warm Asia section minimum 17C although the plant would be happy to grow a little cooler. See our culture section for more information on growing warm asian orchids.
As with any epiphyte evolved for mossy trees the key to successful cultivation is heavy watering especially during the growing season which with us is from February until about August.
The flowers are produced from the centre of come the new growths in the spring and fill the greenhouse with scent. The flowers are long lasting and open slowly from the top of the thin spikes downwards.
This wonderful miniature species is new to 365 days. Masdevallia dynastes is a very floriferous species endemic to cloud forests in Ecuador from 1400-2800m altitude.
We find the species enjoys a damp spot but not too shady where it then multiplies quickly. The leaves are 4cm long and the 1cm flowers are held clear of the leaves.
We grow the species in our Cool Americas section with a minimum of 12C
For our 800th orchid of the day we have one of our favourites. We have seen this attractive Coelogyne on our travels to Sikkim in the Himalayas and have found it at around 1200m to 1500m altitude, growing both as an epiphyte in trees and as a lithophyte on steep rocky roadside slopes.
Coelogyne flaccida in Sikkim
In both habitats it receives very wet summers but dryer cool winter periods. The flowers are intensely fragrant with a scent that reminds me of honey one plant in flower soon fills the Cool Asia section with its scent.
As you can see the flower spikes are very pendulous and so growing the plant in a basket works well so that it can be hung up when in flower. It is a good idea to water very little when in flower as the flowers are damaged by water and of course it flowers in the dry season in Sikkim when the flowers can last for several weeks in good condition.
We also saw several cultivated plants in Sikkim showing what a plant can develop into.
We are pleased to have several plants of this species ready for sale at the Bournemouth and London Shows over the next few months.